The book, Tabulae Rudolphinae, was written by astronomer Johannes Kepler (1571-1630). This particular piece is bound in eighteenth and nineteenth century calf. This copy is annotated throughout by John Price, an eighteenth century owner of the piece. He has corrected some textual errors and provided complete English translations of some longer Latin passages.
The first tables based on Kepler's new laws of planetary motion, specifically the table describing Saturn